The Development of Web and Mobile Technology

One technology that almost always exists in our lives is web and mobile technology. In today’s urban society, especially the millennials, web and mobile technologies have become quite important aspects. Coupled with the rise of social media and applications to exchange messages. Anyone can communicate with his friends anytime and anywhere. But how are these technological developments from the beginning discovered to date? And what will be the future of web and mobile technologies going to be like?

Talking about technological developments, less complete if we do not know how these developments begin. Actually when the first time the web “made”, this technology intend to facilitate physicists in exchanging information. In 1980, an Oxford University graduate named Tim Berners-Lee. Worked for CERN and there he built an internal system to make it easier for people to exchange information. The system is a collection of pages in the database that mutually refer other pages. Capitalize the system. In 1990, Tim and his friends combined hypertext (reference system between pages) and the internet to create a web page. And in short, in 1991, finally the WWW project that we know as the web was announcing to the world.


Browsers and Javascript

After that the web pages began to appear, as well as supporting technologies, such as browsers and javascript. Around the late ’90s until the early 2000s, people were still using browsers on the desktop to surf the Internet because mobile and network technology were still not supported. Although there are some mobile phones that can open the browser, its use when it is not maximal because it is limit by web technology that is not ready for mobile devices.

The next development mark by the emergence of smartphones and mobile applications. In 2007, Apple launched its first iPhone. One year later Google launched its first Android smartphone. The smartphone release with the growing market for mobile applications. Mobile apps are becoming increasingly popular among smartphone users as they are more practical. Based on statistics in 2013, smartphone users use an average of about 26 apps in a month.

Web Technology is also Growing

On the other hand, when people prefer to open mobile apps instead of opening web pages on their smartphones, web technology is also growing. By mid-2000, CSS2 and Javascript technologies already emerging have supported mobile devices. But then in 2010, a man named Ethan Marcotte introduced the term Responsive Web Design. Responsive Web Design is a method to optimize the user experience of surfing the internet on various devices, whether mobile, tablet, or desktop. With this method, a website will remain comfortable to use even though the user opened it from a mobile device.

Along with the many websites that implement responsive design, and supported by other factors such as internet speed and increased mobile device processor speed, and limited mobile storage device capacity, smartphone users are becoming more selective in installing applications. Whether or not he really needs the application, whether the size of the application is large, whether the application already has a responsive website, are some of the things users consider before installing an app. By 2016, more than 65% of smartphone users in the US do not download 1 app in a month. Most smartphone users only use social media and messaging applications only.

Mobile Applications

Apart from the user side, the development of the use of websites and mobile applications influence by the application developers. The development of mobile applications requires a higher cost because it has to create applications on several different platforms. While with the responsive design, a web application can make once and use in various devices with comfort. With these reasons, some technologies are emerging to support the creation of more efficient mobile applications, by generating applications for multiple platforms from just one base-code. This technology is also called hybrid app which will be explained later.

From the history of development described above, it can be seen that the development of web and mobile technologies is quite related. The development of the web leads to how the website can be made more interactive and convenient for various devices. While the development of mobile technology leads to the use of features on the device and how to make application development faster and more efficient.